The protection and enforcement of all intellectual property rights must be consistent with the objectives of contributing to the promotion of technological innovation and the transfer and dissemination of technology, for the mutual benefit of producers and users of technological knowledge and in a manner that promotes social and economic well-being and a balance between rights and obligations. The TRIPS Agreement contains, by reference, the copyright provisions of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Article 9), with the exception of intellectual property rights. It also referred to the substantive provisions of the Paris Convention on the Protection of Industrial Property (Article 2(1)). The TRIPS Agreement explicitly mentions that software and databases are protected by copyright, subject to the requirement of originality (Article 10). . . .