In 2018, Washington launched Prosper Africa to coordinate U.S. government resources and expand business opportunities in Africa, with the goal of doubling reciprocal trade between the country and the continent. It is not yet known how this project, which in principle looks great, will be implemented and how quickly. Meanwhile, the official U.S. response to the AfCFTA has been, at best, ambivalent. Much to the chagrin of African leaders, the United States continues to negotiate a bilateral trade agreement with Kenya in hopes of developing a model that could be applied later to other African countries. These efforts are followed by a phase of declining trade between the United States and Africa: between 2014 and 2018, U.S. exports to Africa declined by 32 percent, while exports from Africa to the U.S. declined by 55 percent over the same period. . . .