At the beginning of 2005, China`s exports of textiles and clothing to the West increased by 100% or more in many respects, leading the United States and the EU to highlight China`s WTO accession agreements, which allowed them to limit the growth rate to 7.5% per year until 2008. In June, China agreed with the EU to limit the rate to 10% for three years. No such agreement was reached with the United States, which reported its own import growth rate of 7.5%. [Citation required] The number of signatories to the agreement has changed slightly over time, but has generally exceeded 40, with the EC considered one of the signatories. Trade between these countries dominated the world trade in clothing and textiles, with a share of up to 80%. The Multifibre Agreement (MFA) was an international trade agreement on textiles and clothing that was in force from 1974 to 2004. It imposed quotas on the volume of clothing and textile exports from developing countries to industrialized countries. The agreement was concluded for the first time under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Origins (1) recognized both the threat to developed markets of imports of cheap clothing and textiles in terms of market disruptions and the impact on their own producers, and (2) the importance of such exports to developing countries for their own economic development and as a means of diversifying export earnings. Under the multifibre agreement, the United States and the European Union (EU) have restricted imports from developing countries to protect their domestic textile industry. As part of the agreement, quotas (limited in numerical numbers) were allocated to each country that signed certain items that could be exported to the United States and the EU. (Note that at the beginning of the agreement, the EU did not exist in its current form; the agreement included the European Community at the time (EC) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Meanwhile, GATT has been supplanted by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and Uruguay-GATT has decided to transfer surveillance of world textile trade to the WTO.

This round of negotiations has also resulted in the abolition of quotas for the world trade in clothing and textiles. The trial ended on 1 January 2005, marking the end of the MfA. The agreement helped to protect industries in developed economies as planned, but also helped boost textile production in some countries where quotas did allow them access to access they did not previously have. At that time, developing countries were still often heavily dependent on exports of primary raw materials. The agreement attempted to mitigate this potential conflict in order to ensure continued cooperation in the field of international trade. In this context, quotas were seen as an orderly way to manage the world trade in clothing and textiles in the short term in order to avoid market disruptions. The ultimate goal remained the removal of barriers and trade liberalization, with developing countries expected to play an increasing role in trade over time.