A rapid response to a public health emergency may depend on the ability to move relevant samples and associated data from one location to another. The transfer of these samples and associated data should be as simple and transparent as possible, while protecting the interests of the owners of the samples and associated data. Growing awareness of the potential value of some samples and associated data has increased the demand for these safeguards. MTAs play an important role in enabling transfers and their subsequent use by the recipient, while protecting the interests of the purchaser. To learn more about the importance of these agreements, see: Science Commons: Material Transfer Agreement ProjectMTAs is often concluded to clarify the expectations of the parties. It is equally important that they provide a written record of the origin of the materials. In addition, with respect to infectious diseases and hazardous substances, they will help to express the parties` expectations of liability and to determine who is responsible for the specific risks that may result from the use of the equipment. Ultimately, it must be decided whether the goal of the MTA process is to make it fluid, fast and efficient; or make sure it is as beneficial as possible for those who need it most. Although the objectives of an MTA are very different, the best outcome will take into account both objectives and create a balance that meets different needs and communities. Recent public health emergencies of international interest (PHEIC) with Ebola in West Africa and the Zika virus in Latin America have highlighted the many difficulties encountered in negotiating MDPs in an emergency and have highlighted a clear need for basic principles and evolving and evolving approaches to MTA negotiations (for more information) , see horizontal principles). A material transfer contract (MTA) is a contract that governs the transfer of research material between two organizations when the recipient intends to use it for his or her own research purposes. The MTA defines the rights of the supplier and the rights and obligations of the recipient with respect to materials and all offspring, derivatives or modifications. Biological materials such as reagents, cell lines, plasmids and vectors are the most frequently transferred materials, but MTAs can also be used for other types of materials such as chemical compounds, mouse models and even certain types of software.

A equipment transfer contract (MTA) is a hardware transfer contract between two parties. It defines the rights of the supplier and recipient with respect to materials and derivatives.