(iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days. [4] Recalling its agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the supreme national interest of both parties and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential for this purpose. iii) That the precondition for reconciliation, good neighbourliness and lasting peace between them be the commitment of both countries to peaceful coexistence. , territorial integrity and sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of the other not on the basis of equality and mutual utility. That the fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means. [4] Background: UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has expressed concern about the situation in Jammu and Kashmir. With regard to the Simla Agreement, signed in 1972 by India and Pakistan, Mr. Guterres stated that “the final status of J-K would be settled by peaceful means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.” The Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan also agreed that relations between the two countries would be governed by the principles set out in the United Nations Charter and that they would resolve their differences through peaceful and bilateral means. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [5] [3] The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other.

It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement.